This is a guide for testing and replacing a temperature sensor if it is bad.
While every vehicle will have a different location for a sensor, the basic information below will be the same for almost any car or truck.
Symptoms of a Bad Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor
- Rough Idle
The most common problem of a bad ECT is the vehicle runs hot and overheats.
This is because the ECT controls when the fan turns on and off.
A bad ECT can also cause an engine to rough idle, misfire, or run poorly.
Other bad components can also cause the same symptoms so testing the sensor is the best way to see if it has failed.
How a Temperature Sensor Works
An ECT is a Thermistor that changes resistance depending on the temperature.
Higher temperatures will decrease the resistance as the temperature rises.
The voltage on the two wires of an ECT tells the computer when to regulate the temperature.
A 5-volt signal will go to the sensor on 1-wire, while the other wire sends a signal to the onboard computer (ECM).
The Thermistor resistance decreases as the engine warms up, which allows voltage to pass through.
Once voltage passes through the ECT, a connection is made between the two wires, which the computer is alerted to by the 5 Volts DC.
After the computer receives the 5-volts, it starts to regulate the temperature, usually by turning on the fan.
Coolant Temperature Sensor Location
The best way to find the location is to search Google Images or buy a manual for your car or truck.
How Much Does it Cost for a Coolant Temperature Sensor?
Prices can vary depending on the vehicle, manufacturer, make, and model.
Most are less than $20-$30 dollars, but the only way to know is to look them up online.
How to Test the Coolant Temperature Sensor
An OBD2 scanner tool can be used to scan for any codes a vehicle may have.
A P0115 Code is often given for a bad ECT, but vehicles can throw any temperature code with a bad ECT.
Sometimes another code will show up also, such as a P0125 Code which means Insufficient Coolant Temperature and is related to the ECT.
Another common error is Code P0128 – Coolant Temperature Below Thermostat Regulating Temperature.
Keep in mind that temperature-related codes can be something else with the ECT only one part of the cooling system.
The ECT is one component that needs to be tested or replaced to see if it is a problem or if the problem is elsewhere.
Steps To Test a Coolant Temperature Sensor
- First, be sure it is getting voltage at the harness; a bad harness or a cut in the wire can cause the same symptoms as a bad ECT.
To test the harness for voltage, turn the key to the ON position and use a multi meter to measure for 5 Volts DC.
The voltage may vary slightly but should be close to 5 Volts.
If you get a good reading, the harness is good, and move on to testing the engine coolant sensor itself.
If you do not get a good 5-volt reading, the harness is bad, or a wire may have a cut somewhere.
(A continuity test can be done to test the wire that goes back to the computer.)
- A sensor can be tested while still in the vehicle as long as it can be reached with the multi meter probes.
The first test should be done with the engine cold.
To test it with a meter, set it to Ohms to get a resistance reading.
A good reading with a cold engine should be between 1.5 and 2 Ohms. If no reading is seen, then the sensor is bad.
Sometimes a sensor can still give a reading but not be working correctly. To test this do the same reading but with the engine warmed up.
When the engine is warm, the resistance should drop. If it does not drop, then the sensor is bad and needs replacing.
Replacing a Coolant Temperature Sensor
Replacing an ECT is a straightforward process by using a wrench to unscrew it from its spot.
The harness will, of course, need to be removed, and the correct sized wrench will loosen it, allowing it to twist out.
It will depend on where the ECT is located as to how hard it is to remove. Hard to get to spots will make removing it difficult, while an easy access spot will make the job much simpler.
A new sensor will simply screw into the same spot. High-temperature sealant should be used on the threads of the new ECT to ensure a proper seal with no leaks.
Testing the ECT is an easy task that most any backyard mechanic can do.
Any cheap multi-meter can be used to test the unit and see if it has gone bad.
In the past, some DIY mechanics have jumpered the harness wire to send a 5-volt signal to the computer.
Jumpering the harness wires can work in some cases but be aware that it may damage the sensitive computer.
Also, jumpering the harness wires is not a permanent fix as it will not regulate the temperature properly.
Let us know your thoughts below in the comments.
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